Sun, 20 Oct 2019

A senior U.S. diplomat has told the United Nations' nuclear watchdog that Iran's recent moves to enrich uranium beyond the limits of its 2015 nuclear deal with world powers amounts to 'nuclear extortion.'

Jackie Wolcott, the U.S. ambassador to international organizations in Vienna, made the remarks at an emergency meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on July 10.

Reacting to Iran's threat to further boost its enrichment of uranium if European signatories to the 2015 nuclear deal don't provide Tehran with sanctions relief within 60 days, Wolcott said Iran's 'misbehavior' should 'not be rewarded.'

Wolcott reiterated that Washington abandoned the nuclear deal in 2018 because the United States believes it was ineffective in guaranteeing that Iran is not trying to produce nuclear weapons. But she said Washington remained 'open to negotiation without preconditions.'

The emergency IAEA meeting on Iran was called at the request of the United States just days after Tehran announced its second violation of the 2015 deal.

Iran says it has deliberately breached two key aspects of the 2015 accord in response to Washington's withdrawal from the deal and the reimposition of sanctions by President Donald Trump.

Tehran is now enriching uranium beyond the level agreed upon in the deal. It says it is also increasing its stockpile of low-enriched uranium above the limit in the treaty.

Tehran says it wants to compel European signatories of the nuclear deal to help Iran's sanctions-hit economy or face the collapse of the deal that took years to negotiate.

But the United States is exerting influence on its European allies to be tougher on Iran.

Germany, France, Britain, and the European Union expressed 'deep concern' on July 9 at Iran's enrichment activities. They called on Tehran to reverse the move 'without delay.'

They also have asked for an urgent meeting of all remaining parties to the nuclear deal in the near future.

A senior Iranian official said on July 10 that Iran would not reverse its decision to increase uranium enrichment beyond the limits set by the nuclear deal until its 'full rights' were fulfilled under the deal.

Ali Shamkhani, the secretary of Iran's Supreme National Security Council, made the comments in a meeting in Tehran with French President Emmanuel Macron's top diplomatic adviser, Emmanuel Bonne, who has travelled to Tehran to decrease rising tensions.

Bonne also met with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.

Ahead of the meeting, Zarif was quoted as saying that 'Negotiations are never possible under pressure,' in a reference to crippling U.S. sanctions.

With reporting by AP, Reuters, AFP, dpa and IRNA

Copyright (c) 2018. RFE/RL, Inc. Republished with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave NW, Ste 400, Washington DC 20036

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